You probably haven’t heard of him, but Bernarr Macfadden what the fitness enthusiast of his day (1868-1955). While he seems to have been a bit quirky (but so was Joseph Pilates so we’ll let that slide), he purported living a healthy lifestyle without processed foods of pills. He was known as “The Father of Physical Culture.”

What did he believe in?

  • Calorie Restriction
  • Walking (you can never walk to much)
  • And PILATES. He believed good health had a great deal to do with your spine and supported pilates-style exercises.